HIF-1beta (hypoxia-inducible factor-1 beta) Antibody Review






HIF-beta subunits are stable regardless of oxygen concentration and constitutively translocate to the nucleus. It was shown previously that HIF-1beta protein expression is nearly ubiquitous in newborn kidney and that HIF-1beta dimerizes with either HIF-1alpha or -2alpha. Here it is shown that aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear transporter-2 (ARNT2/HIF-2beta) also heterodimerized with HIF-1alpha and -2alpha. ARNT2/HIF-2beta protein was highly expressed in newborn kidney but decreased significantly with age, whereas HIF-1beta levels remained relatively constant. By immunohistochemical analysis, widespread expression of HIF-1beta was observed in developing and mature kidneys. ARNT2/HIF-2beta protein distribution was restricted to distal segments of developing nephrons and in mature kidney was confined specifically to thick ascending limb of Henle's loop. The data presented here suggest that ARNT2/HIF-2beta is required at high levels during nephrogenesis in distal tubules and later exclusively in thick ascending limb. Furthermore, Hypoxyprobe-1 and lotus lectin co-localization studies showed that developing proximal convoluted tubules were the most severely hypoxic nephron segment in immature kidney. Because HIF-2beta protein was not abundantly expressed in this segment, it may not be engaged in mediating responses to severe hypoxia. PMID: 15466261


Northern analyses showed that dHIF-1alpha and dHIF-1beta expressed their highest level at an embryonic stage. From the pupal stage on, their expression was sharply reduced and maintained at a steady level. Anoxia treatment up-regulated the expression of the both alpha and beta subunits. Over-expression of dHIF-1alpha in transgenic embryos resulted in embryonic lethality, while over-expression of dHIF-1beta significantly prolonged fly recovery time from a 5-min anoxic stupor. The cloning and characterization dHIF-1beta reported in this paper provide a framework for further genetic dissection of the HIF-1 complex in its role in the cellular or tissue response to O(2) deprivation. PMID: 10581393


zinc induced the accumulation and nuclear translocation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha but inhibited the nuclear translocation of HIF-1beta, which inactivated HIF-1 and suppressed EPO mRNA induction in hypoxic cells. PMID: 10679259