Immunofluorescence (IF)

Antigen-Antibody Specific Applications




AB cell surface antigens

Devonec M, Fontaniere B, Blanc-Brunat N, Muchada E, Dubernard JM.

Revelation of AB cell surface antigens on bladder-washing specimens with the immunofluorescence technique. An approach to automated cytology.
Eur Urol. 1984;10(5):323-5.
PMID: 6394344 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


A and B tissue isoantigens

Bayer A, Pacolakova J.

Simple immunofluorescent method for identification of blood group in human tissues. II. Detection of A and B tissue isoantigens in paraffin sections.
Acta Histochem. 1987;81(2):237-8.
PMID: 3111158 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Ohara H, Ikeda T, Tani S, Fujita K.

Determination of localization of allergen and IgG inducing antigen in Dirofilaria immitis by immunofluorescent antibody method.
Jpn J Exp Med. 1985 Aug;55(4):167-75.
PMID: 3910884 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Stratil P, Dolezalova V, Nemecek R.

Localization of alpha-fetoprotein by immunofluorescent method during induction of rat liver tumors by 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene.
Neoplasma. 1978;25(2):171-80.
PMID: 76994 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Stratil P, Dolezalova V, Feit J, Kocent A.

Localization of alpha-fetoprotein in liver tissue of rats during postnatal development: comparison of the immunofluorescent and autoradiographic methods.
Neoplasma. 1976;23(1):1-10.
PMID: 58388 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Alpha globulin

Meirom R, Trainin Z, Neumann F, Klopfer U, Dison MS, Rattner D.

Alpha globulin intracytoplasmic hepatocyte globules in round heart disease in turkeys, visualized by immunofluorescent technique.
Poult Sci. 1975 Jul;54(4):1218-20.
PMID: 51495 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


ANA and ANCA autoantibodies

Nifli AP, Notas G, Mamoulaki M, Niniraki M, Ampartzaki V, Theodoropoulos PA, Kopnitsky MJ, Castanas E.

Comparison of a multiplex, bead-based fluorescent assay and immunofluorescence methods for the detection of ANA and ANCA autoantibodies in human serum.
J Immunol Methods. 2006 Apr 20;311(1-2):189-97. Epub 2006 Mar 3.
PMID: 16554066 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Anti-motor endplate antibody and anti-muscle membrane antibody

Arimori S, Tada S, Nakata Y, Kobashi H, Ichikawa Y.

Autoantibodies in myasthenia gravis: demonstration of anti-motor endplate antibody and anti-muscle membrane antibody using membrane immunofluorescence technique.
Acta Med Okayama. 1975 Dec;29(6):397-404.
PMID: 132840 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Antinuclear antibody

Gniewek RA, Stites DP, McHugh TM, Hilton JF, Nakagawa M.

Comparison of antinuclear antibody testing methods: immunofluorescence assay versus enzyme immunoassay.
Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1997 Mar;4(2):185-8.
PMID: 9067653 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Homburger HA, Cahen YD, Griffiths J, Jacob GL.

Detection of antinuclear antibodies: comparative evaluation of enzyme immunoassay and indirect immunofluorescence methods.
Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1998 Nov;122(11):993-9.
PMID: 9822128 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Karamehic J, Subasic D, Gavrankapetanovic F, Zecevic L, Eminovic I, Memic S, Seric N, Drace Z.

The incidence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) method.
Med Arh. 2007;61(1):16-9.
PMID: 17582968 [PubMed - in process]

Valesini G, Masala C.

The Trypanosoma lewisi immunofluorescence test: a new simple technique for simultaneous determination of total antinuclear antibodies and the detection of antibodies to double-stranded DNA.
J Immunol Methods. 1982;48(2):177-88.
PMID: 7035570 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Aspergillus fumigatus

Warnock DW, Hann EM.

Further evaluation of indirect immunofluorescence methods for detection of antibodies against Aspergillus fumigatus.
Sabouraudia. 1981 Mar;19(1):49-54.
PMID: 7013114 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Korpela J, Vaheri A.

Localization of avidin in virus-transformed and damaged chicken embryo fibroblasts by immunofluorescence and the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex (ABC) technique.
Eur J Cell Biol. 1984 May;34(1):159-64.
PMID: 6329759 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Masunaga S, Ono K, Abe M.

A method for the selective measurement of the radiosensitivity of quiescent cells in solid tumors--combination of immunofluorescence staining to BrdU and micronucleus assay.
Radiat Res. 1991 Mar;125(3):243-7.
PMID: 1705716 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Bullous pemphigoid antibody

Logan RA, Bhogal B, Das AK, McKee PM, Black MM.

Localization of bullous pemphigoid antibody--an indirect immunofluorescence study of 228 cases using a split-skin technique.
Br J Dermatol. 1987 Oct;117(4):471-8.
PMID: 3314971 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


CAI and CAII isoenzymes

Aliakbar S, Brown PR, Nicolaides KH.

Localization of CAI and CAII isoenzymes in normal term human placenta by immunofluorescence techniques.
Placenta. 1990 Jan-Feb;11(1):35-9.
PMID: 2109315 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)

Hamada S, Hamada S.

Localization of carcinoembryonic antigen in medullary thyroid carcinoma by immunofluorescent techniques.
Br J Cancer. 1977 Nov;36(5):572-6.
PMID: 337999 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Chlamydia trachomatis antigen

Kostoula AG, Bobojianni CC, Dea AD, Deska EA, Papadopoulou C, Antoniades G.

Detection of chlamydia trachomatis antigen using the direct immunofluorescence technique: a four year survey in Northwestern Greece.
G Batteriol Virol Immunol. 1994 Jan-Dec;86(1-12):11-4.
PMID: 8706969 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Bading H, Rauterberg EW, Moelling K.

Distribution of c-myc, c-myb, and Ki-67 antigens in interphase and mitotic human cells evidenced by immunofluorescence staining technique.
Exp Cell Res. 1989 Nov;185(1):50-9.
PMID: 2680541 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Collagen types I, III, IV and V

Voss B, Rauterberg J.

Localization of collagen types I, III, IV and V, fibronectin and laminin in human arteries by the indirect immunofluorescence method.
Pathol Res Pract. 1986 Oct;181(5):568-75.
PMID: 3537992 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Contractile proteins

Unsicker K, Groschel-Stewart U.

Distribution of contractile proteins and adrenergic nerves in the adrenal gland of guinea-pig, rat and ox as revealed by immunofluorescence and the glyoxylic acid technique.
Experientia. 1978 Jan 15;34(1):102-5.
PMID: 340246 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Dengue antigen

Kuberski TT, Rosen L.

A simple technique for the detection of dengue antigen in mosquitoes by immunofluorescence.
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1977 May;26(3):533-7.
PMID: 326071 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Pawlak A, Gil RJ, Walczak E, Fidzianska A.

Evaluation of desmin activity using immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent staining of myocardial biopsies in patients with chronic heart failure. Comparison of the two methods.
Kardiol Pol. 2007 Mar;65(3):229-235.
PMID: 17436150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



Jarzabek-Chorzelska M, Chorzelski T, Rzesa G, Blaszczyk M.

Crithidium luciliae immunofluorescence test (CL test) a simple and reliable method for detecting anti-native DNA antibodies.
Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz). 1978;26(1-6):791-4.
PMID: 373689 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Tomilin N, Rosanov Y, Zenin V, Bozhkov V, Vig B.

A new and rapid method for visualising DNA replication in spread DNA by immunofluorescence detection of incorporated 5-iododeoxyuridine.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1993 Jan 15;190(1):257-62.
PMID: 8422250 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Permin H, Halberg P, Christiansen E.

Antibodies against double-stranded DNA in patients with connective tissue diseases. Comparison between Crithidia luciliae kinetoplast immunofluorescence test and Farr technique.
Acta Med Scand. 1978;203(1-2):61-5.
PMID: 75659 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Aarden LA, de Groot ER, Feltkamp TE.

Immunology of DNA. III. Crithidia luciliae, a simple substrate for the determination of anti-dsDNA with the immunofluorescence technique.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1975 Jun 30;254:505-15.
PMID: 52321 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Crowe W, Kushner I.

An immunofluorescent method using Crithidia luciliae to detect antibodies to double-stranded DNA.
Arthritis Rheum. 1977 Apr;20(3):811-4.
PMID: 324482 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Davis P, Christian B, Russell AS.

Immunofluorescent technique for the detection of antibodies to n-DNA: comparison with radioimmunoassay.
J Rheumatol. 1977 Spring;4(1):15-20.
PMID: 328878 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


EBV antigens

Stephens R, Traul K, Gaudreau P, Yeh J, Fisher L, Mayyasi SA.

Comparative studies on EBV antigens by immunofluorescence and immunoperoxidase techniques.
Int J Cancer. 1977 Mar 15;19(3):305-16.
PMID: 66208 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Endothelial cytoskeleton

Rogers KA, Kalnins VI.

A method for examining the endothelial cytoskeleton in situ using immunofluorescence.
J Histochem Cytochem. 1983 Nov;31(11):1317-20.
PMID: 6352798 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Epstein-barr virus VCA

Lamy ME, Favart AM, Leclercq MF, Segas M, Mendez M, Lhoir C, Cornu C, Burtonboy G.

Epstein-barr virus VCA IgM and EBNA IgG antibodies titered by immunofluorescence in microplates. A semi-automated method based on microtiter system.
Med Microbiol Immunol. 1982;170(4):247-53.
PMID: 6285158 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Nenci I, Beccati MD, Piffanelli A, Lanza G.

Detection and dynamic localisation of estradiol-receptor complexes in intact target cells by immunofluorescence technique.
J Steroid Biochem. 1976 Jun-Jul;7(6-7):505-10.
PMID: 787684 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Estrogen receptors

Alonso K, Brownlee N.

Estrogen receptors by immunofluorescence: comparison with a dextran coated charcoal technique.
Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1981 Mar-Apr;11(2):132-7.
PMID: 6167197 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Factor VIII/vWF

Matsuoka T, Tavassoli M.

A modified method for application of indirect immunofluorescent staining for factor VIII/vWF to capillary endothelia.
Am J Med Sci. 1988 Aug;296(2):107-10.
PMID: 2456694 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Baba K, Yoshida M, Tawa A, Yabuuchi H, Maeda K, Takahashi M.

A simplified immunofluorescence technique for antibody to varicella-zoster membrane antigen (FAMA).
Biken J. 1984 Mar;27(1):23-9.
PMID: 6091617 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Tsay Y, Wilson L, Keefe E.

Quantitation of serum gentamicin concentration by a solid-phase immunofluorescence method.
Clin Chem. 1980 Oct;26(11):1610-2.
PMID: 6998602 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Volta U, Lenzi M, Lazzari R, Cassani F, Collina A, Bianchi FB, Pisi E.

Antibodies to gliadin detected by immunofluorescence and a micro-ELISA method: markers of active childhood and adult coeliac disease.
Gut. 1985 Jul;26(7):667-71.
PMID: 3894169 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Blazer S, Naveh Y, Berant M, Merzbach D, Sperber S.

Serum IgG antibodies to gliadin in children with celiac disease as measured by an immunofluorescence method.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1984 Mar;3(2):205-9.
PMID: 6368789 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Dorn A, Rinne A, Bernstein HG, Hahn HJ, Ziegler M, Dammert K.

Immunoreactive glucagon in neurons of various parts of the human brain. Demonstration by immunofluorescence technique.
Acta Histochem. 1981;69(2):243-7.
PMID: 6805223 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Glycophorin A

Jensen RH, Bigbee WL.

Direct immunofluorescence labeling provides an improved method for the glycophorin A somatic cell mutation assay.
Cytometry. 1996 Apr 1;23(4):337-43.
PMID: 8900477 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Portmann B, Galbraith RM, Eddleston AL, Zuckerman AJ, Williams R.

Detection of HBSAG in fixed liver tissue - use of a modified immunofluorescent technique and comparison with histochemical methods.
Gut. 1976 Jan;17(1):1-9.
PMID: 57904 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Hepatitis B antigen

Nayak NC, Sachdeva R.

Localization of hepatitis B surface antigen in conventional paraffin sections of the liver. Comparison of immunofluorescence, immunoperoxidase, and orcein staining methods with regard to their specificity and reliability as antigen marker.
Am J Pathol. 1975 Dec;81(3):479-92.
PMID: 55076 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Tsuji T, Tokuyama K, Okada T, Takata S, Naito K.

Detection of liver HBc antigen and its antibody in sera from viral hepatitis by the immunofluorescent complement technique.
Acta Med Okayama. 1976 Feb;30(1):61-7.
PMID: 135480 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Trevisan A, Realdi G, Losi C, Ninfo V, Rugge M, Rampinelli L.

Hepatitis B virus antigens in primary hepatic carcinoma: immunofluorescent techniques on fixed liver tissue.
J Clin Pathol. 1978 Dec;31(12):1133-9.
PMID: 219038 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Heymann nephritis antigen

Makker SP, Makker DM.

A simple technique for detecting the antigen of Heymann nephritis in glomeruli by immunofluorescence.
Clin Exp Immunol. 1986 Jun;64(3):615-22.
PMID: 3539421 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


HSV-I antigen

Kumari TV, Vasudevan DM, Ankathil R, Ramani P, Vijayakumar T.

Demonstration of HSV-I antigen in patients with oral cancer by immunofluorescence and immunoperoxidase techniques.
J Exp Pathol. 1987 Winter;3(1):75-86.
PMID: 2824733 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Idiotypic antibodies

Thanavala YM, Bond A, Hay FC, Roitt IM.

Immunofluorescent technique for the detection of monoclonal internal image anti-idiotypic antibodies of hepatitis B surface antigen.
J Immunol Methods. 1985 Nov 7;83(2):227-32.
PMID: 3902976 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgM)

Saijo M, Qing T, Niikura M, Maeda A, Ikegami T, Sakai K, Prehaud C, Kurane I, Morikawa S.

Immunofluorescence technique using HeLa cells expressing recombinant nucleoprotein for detection of immunoglobulin G antibodies to Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus.
J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Feb;40(2):372-5.
PMID: 11825944 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Kallerup HE, Egeskjold EM, Graudal H.

IgG-, IgM- and IgA-rheumatoid factors in healthy adults and rheumatoid patients determined by an indirect immunofluorescence method.
Scand J Rheumatol. 1979;8(1):1-9.
PMID: 373087 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Mayrhofer G.

A method for specifically detecting internal immunoglobulin by immunofluorescence.
J Immunol Methods. 1979;27(4):319-25.
PMID: 89170 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Suter MM, Palmer DG, Zindel S, Schenk H.

Pemphigus in the dog: comparison of immunofluorescence and immunoperoxidase method to demonstrate intercellular immunoglobulins in the epidermis.
Am J Vet Res. 1984 Feb;45(2):367-9.
PMID: 6370054 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Valnes K, Brandtzaeg P, Hanssen LE, Stave R, Larsen S, Londong W.

Quantitation of immunoglobulin- and peptide hormone-producing cells in gastrointestinal mucosa. Comparison of direct immunofluorescence and the unlabelled antibody peroxidase--antiperoxidase method.
Histochem J. 1983 Oct;15(10):1011-20.
PMID: 6358142 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Zipfel W, Hewicker-Trautwein M, Trautwein G.

Demonstration of immunoglobulins and complement in canine and feline autoimmune and non-autoimmune skin diseases with the direct immunofluorescence and indirect immunoperoxidase method.
Zentralbl Veterinarmed A. 1992 Sep;39(7):494-501.
PMID: 1455915 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Miura M, Tomino Y, Nomoto Y, Sakai H, Osamura Y.

Detection of immunoglobulin depositions by immunofluorescence and/or immunoperoxidase (P-AP method) in patients with IgA nephropathy.
Tokai J Exp Clin Med. 1987 Dec;12(5-6):343-7.
PMID: 3334190 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Settergren B, Juto P, Wadell G.

Detection of specific serum immunoglobulin M in nephropathia epidemica (Scandinavian epidemic nephropathy) by a biotin-avidin-amplified immunofluorescence method.
J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Jun;25(6):1134-6.
PMID: 2885340 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Vossen JM, Langlois van den Bergh R.

The detection of cytoplasmic immunoglobulins by immunofluorescence: improvements in techniques and standardization procedures.
J Immunol Methods. 1976;13(1):71-82.
PMID: 1003003 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Watson DL, Colditz IG.

Novel immunofluorescent technique for identification of ovine immunoglobulins and other potential opsonins binding to live Staphylococcus aureus.
J Dairy Sci. 1983 Jun;66(6):1384-9.
PMID: 6350390 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Dietl T, Kruck J, Fritz H.

Localization of kallikrein in porcine pancreas and submandibular gland as revealed by the indirect immunofluorescence technique.
Hoppe Seylers Z Physiol Chem. 1978 Apr;359(4):499-505.
PMID: 348594 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Hoff HF, Ruggles BM, Bond MG.

A technique for localizing LDL by immunofluorescence in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded atherosclerotic lesions.
Artery. 1980;6(4):328-39.
PMID: 6994691 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Listeria monocytogenes

Duffy G, Sheridan JJ.

The effect of temperature, pH and medium in a surface adhesion immunofluorescent technique for detection of Listeria monocytogenes.
J Appl Microbiol. 1997 Jul;83(1):95-101.
PMID: 9246776 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Mitochondrial antibodies

Katono S.

A comparative study of passive hemagglutination and immunofluorescence methods for the detection of mitochondrial antibodies in sera from patients with liver diseases.
Gastroenterol Jpn. 1980;15(3):233-40.
PMID: 6995220 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Myocardial antibodies

Twomey SL, Bernett GE.

Immunofluorescence method for detecting anti-myocardial antibodies, and its use in diagnosing heart disease.
Clin Chem. 1975 Dec;21(13):1903-6.
PMID: 1104214 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Neural M1 pyruvate kinase

Gali P, Hauw JJ, Boutry JM, Hartmann L.

Immunofluorescence and histochemical methods for neural M1 pyruvate kinase localization.
J Neurochem. 1981 Dec;37(6):1377-84.
PMID: 7038046 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Nuclear antigens

Akizuki M, Powers R Jr, Holman HR.

Comparative study of immunologic methods for demonstration of antibodies to soluble nuclear antigens. Immunofluorescence, hemagglutination, complement fixation, and immunodiffusion.
Arthritis Rheum. 1977 Mar;20(2):693-701.
PMID: 403922 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Oestrogen receptor

Okulicz WC, Balsamo M.

A double immunofluorescent method for simultaneous analysis of progesterone-dependent changes in proliferation and the oestrogen receptor in endometrium of rhesus monkeys.
J Reprod Fertil. 1993 Nov;99(2):545-9.
PMID: 8107038 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Organellar proteins

Tonkin CJ, van Dooren GG, Spurck TP, Struck NS, Good RT, Handman E, Cowman AF, McFadden GI.

Localization of organellar proteins in Plasmodium falciparum using a novel set of transfection vectors and a new immunofluorescence fixation method.
Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2004 Sep;137(1):13-21.
PMID: 15279947 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Pneumocystis carinii

Wolfson JS, Waldron MA, Sierra LS.

Blinded comparison of a direct immunofluorescent monoclonal antibody staining method and a Giemsa staining method for identification of Pneumocystis carinii in induced sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage specimens of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus.
J Clin Microbiol. 1990 Sep;28(9):2136-8.
PMID: 1699970 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Prostaglandin E

Sakata H, Yoshida H.

Cellular localization of prostaglandin E in the rabbit iris by indirect immunofluorescence method.
Albrecht Von Graefes Arch Klin Exp Ophthalmol. 1979 Sep;211(3):221-7.
PMID: 391091 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Sands RL, Green ID.

A note on the use of immunofluorescent methods for the detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in bronchitic sputum.
J Clin Pathol. 1975 Dec;28(12):997-9.
PMID: 54369 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Purine nucleoside phosphorylase

Pruslin FH, Reem GH.

Immunofluorescence: a sensitive and rapid method for the detection of purine nucleoside phosphorylase in single cells.
J Immunol Methods. 1980;34(2):127-32.
PMID: 6770005 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Rh-D factor

Goto S, Nishi H, Tomoda Y.

Blood group Rh-D factor in human trophoblast determined by immunofluorescent method.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1980 Jul 15;137(6):707-12.
PMID: 6772032 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Ribulose Bisphosphate Carboxylase

Madhavan S, Smith BN.

Localization of Ribulose Bisphosphate Carboxylase in the Guard Cells by an Indirect, Immunofluorescence Technique.
Plant Physiol. 1982 Jan;69(1):273-277.
PMID: 16662174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



Gallup JM, Kawashima K, Lucero G, Ackermann MR.

New quick method for isolating RNA from laser captured cells stained by immunofluorescent immunohistochemistry; RNA suitable for direct use in fluorogenic TaqMan one-step real-time RT-PCR.
Biol Proced Online. 2005;7:70-92. Epub 2005 May 30.
PMID: 16136226 [PubMed]


Seminal plasma proteinase inhibitors

Dietl T, Kruck J, Schill WB, Fritz H.

Localization of seminal plasma proteinase inhibitors in human spermatozoa as revealed by the indirect immunofluorescence technique.
Hoppe Seylers Z Physiol Chem. 1976 Dec;357(10):1333-7.
PMID: 791787 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Smooth muscle antigens

Steffelaar JW, Nijkamp DA, Hilvering C.

Pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis. Demonstration of smooth muscle antigens by immunofluorescence technique.
Scand J Respir Dis. 1977 Apr;58(2):103-9.
PMID: 323967 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


SV40 T-antigen

Kaplan MM, Giard DJ, Blattner WA, Lubiniecki AS, Fraumeni JF Jr.

An improved method of fixation for immunofluorescent detection of SV40 T-antigen in infected human fibroblasts.
Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1975 Mar;148(3):660-4.
PMID: 165531 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein

Sikri KL, Foster CL, Bloomfield FJ, Marshall RD.

Localization by immunofluorescence and by light- and electron-microscopic immunoperoxidase techniques of Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein in adult hamster kidney.
Biochem J. 1979 Sep 1;181(3):525-32.
PMID: 391220 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Cibull ML, Coleman MS, Nelson O, Hutton JJ, Gordon D, Bollum FJ.

Evaluation of methods of detecting terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase in human hematologic malignancies. Comparison of immunofluorescence and enzymatic assays.
Am J Clin Pathol. 1982 Apr;77(4):420-3.
PMID: 7041620 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Morley M, Gee DJ.

An assessment of the immunofluorescence technique as a method for demonstrating the histological localization of tetrahydrocannabinol in mammalian tissues.
J Forensic Sci. 1982 Oct;27(4):837-43.
PMID: 6294214 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


TIGR protein

O'Brien TE, Metheney CD, Polansky JR.

Immunofluorescence method for quantifying the trabecular meshwork glucocorticoid response (TIGR) protein in trabecular meshwork and Schlemm's canal cells.
Curr Eye Res. 1999 Dec;19(6):517-24.
PMID: 10550794 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Bueno C, Rodriguez-Caballero A, Garcia-Montero A, Pandiella A, Almeida J, Orfao A.

A new method for detecting TNF-alpha-secreting cells using direct-immunofluorescence surface membrane stainings.
J Immunol Methods. 2002 Jun 1;264(1-2):77-87.
PMID: 12191512 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Bruckner DA, Hindler JA, Martin WJ, Palmer R.

Comparison of radioimmunoassay with a new immunofluorescent method (FIAX) for measuring tobramycin in serum.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1982 Jan;21(1):107-9.
PMID: 7044295 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Topoisomerase IIalpha and IIbeta

Willmore E, Frank AJ, Padget K, Tilby MJ, Austin CA.

Etoposide targets topoisomerase IIalpha and IIbeta in leukemic cells: isoform-specific cleavable complexes visualized and quantified in situ by a novel immunofluorescence technique.
Mol Pharmacol. 1998 Jul;54(1):78-85.
PMID: 9658192 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Toxoplasma gondii

Marca MC, Ramos JJ, Loste A, Saez T, Sanz MC.

Comparison of indirect immunofluorescent antibody test and modified direct agglutination test methods for detection of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in adult sheep in Spain.
Vet Parasitol. 1996 Dec 2;67(1-2):99-103.
PMID: 9011019 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Nakano M.

Localization of renal and intestinal trehalase with immunofluorescence- and enzyme-labeled antibody techniques.
J Histochem Cytochem. 1982 Dec;30(12):1243-8.
PMID: 6185559 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)

Mendonca JC, Dolci JE.

Neuropeptide immunofluorescence in human nasal mucosa: assessment of the technique for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP).
Rev Bras Otorrinolaringol (Engl Ed). 2005 Mar-Apr;71(2):123-31. Epub 2005 Aug 2.
PMID: 16446906 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Vibrio vulnificus serovar E (biotype 2)

Marco-Noales E, Biosca EG, Milan M, Amaro C.

An indirect immunofluorescent antibody technique for detection and enumeration of Vibrio vulnificus serovar E (biotype 2): development and applications.
J Appl Microbiol. 2000 Oct;89(4):599-606.
PMID: 11054163 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Grzanka A.

The expression of vimentin in HL-60 cells induced with etoposide using immunofluorescence and immunogold methods.
Pol J Pathol. 2001;52(4):187-92.
PMID: 11915179 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]